Elvin Karana, Holly McQuillan, Valentina Rognoli, Elisa Giaccardi
Abstract: Introduced in 2020, the concept of living artefacts encompasses biodesign outcomes that uphold the livingness of organisms such as fungi, algae, bacteria, and plants, to enable the emergence of novel functions, interactions and expressions within everyday life. This paper situates living artefacts at the confluence of the sustainability discourse and more-thanhuman ontologies, illuminating the unprecedented opportunities that living artefacts present for regenerative ecologies. These ecologies are characterized by a fundamental inclination toward mutualism, creativity, and coevolution. In regenerative ecologies, the human-nature relationship transcends the binary distinction and it manifests as a single autopoietic system in which the constituent members collaboratively engage in the creation, transformation, and evolution of shared habitats. The paper outlines five pillars, supplemented by guiding questions and two illustrative cases, to aid designers in unlocking, articulating, and critically evaluating the potential of living artefacts for regenerative ecologies.
Journal of Research Directions: Biotechnology Design, 2023. (Accepted)
Jiwei Zhou, Raphael Kim, Zjenja Doubrovski, Joana Martins, Elisa Giaccardi, Elvin Karana
Abstract: Microbes offer designers opportunities to endow artefacts with environmental sensing and adapting abilities, and unique expres- sions. However, microbe-embedded artefacts present a challenge of temporal dissonance, reflected by a “time lag” typically experienced by humans in noticing the gradual and minute shifts in microbial metabolism. This could compromise fluency of interactions and may hinder timely noticing and attending to microbes in living artefacts. In addressing this challenge, we introduce Cyano-chromic Interface, in which photosynthetic activity of cyanobacteria (Syne- chocystis sp. PCC6803) is timely surfaced by an electrochromic (EC) material through its monochromatic display. Grounded through interface performance characterization and design primitives, we developed application concepts through which we instantiate how the interface can be tuned for diverse functional and experiential outcomes in living artefacts. We further discuss the potential of aligning human-microbe temporalities for enriched interactions and reciprocal relationships with microbes, and beyond.
DIS ‘23, July 10–14, 2023, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. ACM. ISBN 978-1-4503-9893-0/23/07. https://doi.org/10.1145/3563657.3596132
Clarice Risseeuw, Jose F. Martinez Castro, Pascal Barla, Elvin Karana
Abstract: Integrating microorganisms into artefacts is a growing area of interest for HCI designers. However, the time, resources, and knowledge required to understand complex microbial behaviour limits designers from creatively exploring temporal expressions in living artefacts, i.e., living aesthetics. Bridging biodesign and computer graphics, we developed FlavoMetrics, an interactive digital tool that supports biodesigners in exploring Flavobacteria’s living aesthetics. This open-source tool enables designers to virtually inoculate bacteria and manipulate stimuli to tune Flavobacteria’s living colour in a digital environment. Six biodesigners evaluated the tool and reflected on its implications for their practices, for example, in (1) understanding spatio-temporal qualities of microorganisms beyond 2D, (2) biodesign education, and (3) the experience prototyping of living artefacts. With FlavoMetrics, we hope to inspire novel HCI tools for accessible and time- and resource-efficient biodesign as well as for better alignment with divergent microbial temporalities in living with living artefacts.
DIS ‘23, July 10–14, 2023, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. ACM. ISBN 978-1-4503-9893-0/23/07. https://doi.org/10.1145/3563657.3596085
Owain Pedgley, Valentina Rognoli, Elvin Karana (Eds.)
Abstract: Materials Experience 2: Expanding Territories of Materials and Design is the follow-up companion to Materials Experience published in 2014. Materials experience as a concept has evolved substantially and is now mobilized to incorporate new ways of thinking and designing. Through all-new peer-reviewed chapters and project write-ups, the book presents critical perspectives on new and emerging relationships between designers, materials, and artifacts. Subtitled Expanding Territories of Materials and Design, the book examines in depth the increased prevalence of material-driven design practices, as well as the changing role of materials themselves, toward active and influential agents within and outside design processes. The book is essential reading for anyone involved in materials and design, containing 11 authoritative chapters and 18 illustrated accounts of contemporary research projects and practices.
Abstract: STILL ALIVE presents the year-long journey of researchers from Material Incubator (Avans University of Applied Sciences, Delft University of Technology, Willem de Kooning Academy), shedding light on the practical and social aspects of designing and living with living artefacts.
Breda, Avans University of Applied Sciences, 2020. Available online.
Laura Clèrries, Valentina Rognoli, Seetal Solanki, Pere Llorach (Eds.)
Abstract: MaDe Book provides a better understanding on how materials design can contribute to attain a more circular economy. It contains a compilation of expert articles and short interviews, a glossary of concepts, original resources, detailed finalists and winners’ projects and the full directory of material designers.
2021. Available online.
Valentina Rognoli, Venere Ferraro (Eds.)
Abstract: This present book covers a series of outstanding reputation researchers’ contributions on the topic of ICS Materials: a new class of emerging materials with properties and qualities concerning interactivity, connectivity and intelligence. In the general framework of ICS Materials’ domain, each chapter deals with a specific aspect following the characteristic perspective of each researcher. As result, methods, tools, guidelines emerged that are relevant and applicable to several contexts such as product, interaction design, materials science and many more.
Franco Angeli, Design International, 2020. Available online.
Valentina Rognoli, Massimo Bianchini, Stefano Maffei, Elvin Karana
Abstract: The democratization of personal fabrication technologies in parallel to the rising desire of individuals for personalizing their products offers great opportunities to experiment with advanced, distributed and shared production processes as well as design new materials. In this article, we introduce the notion of Do-It-Yourself (DIY) Materials, which are created through individual or collective self-production practices, often by techniques and processes of the designer’s own invention. They can be totally new materials, modified, or further developed versions of existing materials. In order to provide an operational vocabulary to discuss DIY materials, we have collected 27 DIY material cases developed in the last five years. We group the collected cases under two main categories: (1) DIY new materials: which focus on creative material ingredients (e.g. a material made of dried, blended waste citrus peel combined with natural binders); and (2) DIY new identities for conventional materials: which focus on new production techniques, giving new expressions to existing materials (i.e. they do not necessarily contain new ingredients, such as 3D printed metal). Grounded on the commonalities of collected cases, we discuss the design opportunities, including new aesthetic impressions offered through DIY material design practices.
Journal Article. Materials & Design, 2015. Available online.
Elvin Karana, Bahar Barati, Valentina Rognoli, Anouk Zeeuw van der Laan
Abstract: Materials research constantly offers novel materials as better alternatives to convention. Functional aptness is taken for granted at the first commercial launch of a new material. Nevertheless, this alone may not be enough for its commercial success and widespread use. The ‘material’ should also elicit meaningful user experiences in and beyond its utilitarian assessment. This requires qualifying the material not only for what it is, but also for what it does, what it expresses to us, what it elicits from us, and what it makes us do. In search of a proper application through such an understanding, material scientists and industries have reached out to designers to guide the development of materials by experiential goals. However, how to design for experiences with and for a material at hand has been poorly addressed to date. In this article, we propose a method, Material Driven Design (MDD), to facilitate designing for material experiences. After explaining the theoretical foundation of the method, an illustrative case is presented—where ‘coffee waste’ is the subject of a design effort to conceive a new product concept. Finally, possible research directions are addressed to bring new insights to the effective application of the MDD method to diverse projects.
Journal Article. International Journal of Design, 2015. Available online.
Elvin Karana, Owain Pedgley, Valentina Rognoli (Eds.)
Abstract: There currently exists an abundance of materials selection advice for designers suited to solving technical product requirements. In contrast, a stark gap can be found in current literature that articulates the very real personal, social, cultural and economic connections between materials and the design of the material world. In Materials Experience: fundamentals of materials and design, thirty-four of the leading academicians and experts, alongside 8 professional designers, have come together for the first time to offer their expertise and insights on a number of topics common to materials and product design. The result is a very readable and varied panorama on the world of materials and product design as it currently stands.
Living Artefacts for Regenerative Ecologies Journal Article
In: Journal of Research Directions: Biotechnology Design, 2023.2.
In: Proceedings of the 2023 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, Association for Computing Machinery, Hamburg, Germany, 2023, ISBN: 9781450394215.3.
In: Proceedings of the 2023 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, Association for Computing Machinery, Hamburg, Germany, 2023, ISBN: 9781450394215.4.
In: Materials & Design, vol. 225, pp. 111521, 2023, ISSN: 0264-1275.5.6.
Materials biography as a tool for designers exploration of bio-based and bio-fabricated materials for the sustainable fashion industry. Journal Article
In: SUSTAINABILITY: SCIENCE, PRACTICE, & POLICY, 2022.9.
Materiales alternativos emergentes. Un enfoque de diseño sostenible. [Alternative emerging materials. A focus on sustainable design} Journal Article
In: CUADERNOS DEL CENTRO DE ESTUDIOS EN DISEÑO Y COMUNICACIÓN. ENSAYOS, vol. 166, pp. 123-132, 2022.10.
In: DIID, vol. 77, pp. 140-150, 2022.11.
Design for New Materials and New Manufacturing Technologies Book Chapter
In: Developments in Design Research and Practice. Senses 2019. Springer Series in Design and Innovation., vol. 17, pp. 61-66, Springer, 2022.12.
Affective-Driven Design: Emotions, Moods and Experiences as Catalysts for Socially Meaningful Design. Journal Article
In: DISEÑA, 2022.13.
In: Proceedings of DRS, Design Research Society, 2022.14.
In: Lampe, Cliff; Barbosa, Simone (Ed.): CHI 2022 - Proceedings of the 2022 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, Ässociation for Computing Machinery (ACM)", Ünited States", 2022, (2022 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, CHI 2022 ; Conference date: 30-04-2022 Through 05-05-2022).15.
In: International Journal of Design, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 57–73, 2022, ISSN: 1991-3761.16.
In: DIS 2022 - Proceedings of the 2022 ACM Designing Interactive Systems Conference, pp. 1162–1176, Ässociation for Computing Machinery (ACM), Ünited States, 2022, (2022 ACM Designing Interactive Systems Conference: Digital Wellbeing, DIS 2022 ; Conference date: 13-06-2022 Through 17-06-2022).17.
Healing with Fungi: Unique Aesthetic Expressions for Mycelium-Based Materials Through Patch and Mend Inproceedings
In: Bruyns, Gerhard; Wei, Huaxin (Ed.): [ ] With Design: Reinventing Design Modes, pp. 3253–3267, Springer Nature Singapore, Singapore, 2022, ISBN: 978-981-19-4472-7.
Early-stage material selection based on life cycle approach: tools, obstacles and opportunities for design. Journal Article
In: SUSTAINABLE PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION, 2021.19.
In: Rognoli, Valentina; Ferraro, Venere (Ed.): ICS Materials: interactive, connected, and smart materials, pp. 111-125, Design International series. Franco Angeli. , 2021.20.
Enhancing living/non-living relationships through designed materials. Inproceedings
In: Proceedings of CEES 2021, International Conference Construction, Energy, Environment & Sustainability. Responsible Biotechnologies And Biodesign For The Built Environment., 2021, ISBN: 978-989-54499-1-0.21.
In: Rognoli, Valentina; Ferraro, Venere (Ed.): ICS Materials: interactive, connected, and smart materials, pp. 203-217, Design International series. Franco Angeli. , 2021.22.
Design materials for the transition toward post-Anthropocene. Book Chapter
In: Camocini, Barbara; Vergani, Francesco (Ed.): FROM HUMAN-CENTERED TO MORE-THAN-HUMAN DESIGN. Exploring the transition., Franco Angeli International, 2021.23.
Design, Materials, and Extrusion-Based Additive Manufacturing in Circular Economy Contexts: From Waste to New Products. Journal Article
In: SUSTAINABILITY, 2021.24.
Design International series. Franco Angeli. , 2021.25.
DIY Recipes: Ingredients, processes & materials qualities. Book Chapter
In: Clèries, Laura; Rognoli, Valentina; Solanki, Seetal; Llorach, Pere (Ed.): Materials Designers. Boosting talent towards circular economies, pp. 27-33, 2021, ISBN: 978-84-09-24438-6.26.
Defining the DIY-Materials approach. Book Chapter
In: Pedgley, Owain; Rognoli, Valentina; Karana, Elvin (Ed.): Materials Experience 2: Expanding Territories of Materials and Design, Elsevier, 2021.27.
Material Tinkering and Creativity. Book Chapter
In: Cleries, Laura; Rognoli, Valentina; Solanki, Seetal; Llorach, Pere (Ed.): Material Designers. Boosting talent towards circular economies, pp. 20-25, 2021.28.
Material Education: New Training, New Skills. Book Chapter
In: Cleries, Laura; Rognoli, Valentina; Solanki, Seetal; Llorach, Pere (Ed.): Materials Designers. Boosting talent towards circular economies, pp. 38-42, 2021, ISBN: 978-84-09-24438-6.29.
Materials Experience: Expanding Territories of Materials and Design. Book
Elsevier, 2021, ISBN: 9780128192450.30.
Materials Designers: A New Design Discipline. Book Chapter
In: Clèries, Laura; Rognoli, Valentina; Solanki, Seetal; Llorach, Pere (Ed.): Materials Designers. Boosting talent towards circular economies, pp. 43-47, 2021, ISBN: 978-84-09-24438-6.31.
Paving the way to post-digital smart materials. Experiments on human perception of a bio-inspired cellulose-based responsive interface. Inproceedings
In: Design Culture(s), Cumulus Roma 2021, 2021.32.
2021, ISBN: 978-84-09-24439-3.33.
Bioprinting of Regenerative Photosynthetic Living Materials Journal Article
In: Ädvanced Functional Materials", vol. 31, no. 31, 2021, ISSN: 1616-301X.34.
In: Bio-Design and Manufacturing, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 111–122, 2021, ISSN: 2096-5524.35.
Expanding territories of materials and design Book Chapter
In: Materials Experience 2, pp. 1–12, Elsevier, Netherlands, 2021.36.
In: DIS 2021 - Proceedings of the 2021 ACM Designing Interactive Systems Conference, pp. 1215–1229, Ässociation for Computing Machinery (ACM)", Ünited States", 2021, (2021 ACM Designing Interactive Systems Conference: Nowhere and Everywhere, DIS 2021 ; Conference date: 28-06-2021 Through 02-07-2021).37.
In: She Ji: The Journal of Design, Economics, and Innovation, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 403–434, 2021, ISSN: 2405-8726.
Dynamism as an emerging materials experience for ICS Material. Book Chapter
In: Ferraro, Venere; Pasold, Anke (Ed.): Emerging Materials & Technologies. New approaches in Design Teaching Methods on four exemplified areas., Franco Angeli International, 2020.39.
Material tinkering for design education on waste upcycling. Journal Article
In: DESIGN AND TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION, 2020.40.
LCA-based material selection in the early stages of design: environmental benefits, tools, obstacles and opportunities. Inproceedings
In: Proceedings IX Conference of the Italian LCA Network Association, Cortina d'Ampezzo (BL)., 2020.41.
Designing Materials and Material Designers: Research by DIY-Materials Research Group. Journal Article
In: ZHUANGSHI, 2020.42.
Diseñar para un escenario social incierto. El valor del enfoque materiales do-it-yourself y economía circular. [Designing for an uncertain social scenario. The value of do-it-yourself materials and circular economy]. Journal Article
In: Interciencia, vol. 45, núm. 6, pp. 279-285, 2020.43.
Features of material exploration projects emerged in design schools. Inproceedings
In: 5th Virtual International Conference on Education, Innovation and ICT, 2020.44.
Educating in collaborative symbiosis or how research synergies make sense in different territories? Inproceedings
In: Proceedings of 14th annual International conference on Technology, Education and Development INTED2020, 2020.45.
The Role of Design in the Development of New Materials: Interview with Elvin Karana. Journal Article
In: DISEÑA, 2020.46.
In: Intelligent Human Systems Integration 2020. IHSI 2020. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, 1131, 916-921. Springer., 2020.47.
Emotional Engagement with Materials: Observation on Material Dialogue Between Potter and Clay. Journal Article
In: DISEÑA, 2020.48.
In: Materials & Design, vol. 190, pp. 16, 2020, ISSN: 0264-1275.49.
Living artefacts: Conceptualizing livingness as a material quality in everyday artefacts Journal Article
In: International Journal of Design, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 37–53, 2020, ISSN: 1991-3761.
The Materials Generation. Book Chapter
In: Rampino, Lucia; Mariani, Ilaria (Ed.): Advancements in Design research. 11 PhD theses on Design as we do in POLIMI., DESIGN INTERNATIONAL. Franco Angeli., 2019.
SEARCH FOR PUBLICATIONS