Elvin Karana, Holly McQuillan, Valentina Rognoli, Elisa Giaccardi
Abstract: Introduced in 2020, the concept of living artefacts encompasses biodesign outcomes that uphold the livingness of organisms such as fungi, algae, bacteria, and plants, to enable the emergence of novel functions, interactions and expressions within everyday life. This paper situates living artefacts at the confluence of the sustainability discourse and more-thanhuman ontologies, illuminating the unprecedented opportunities that living artefacts present for regenerative ecologies. These ecologies are characterized by a fundamental inclination toward mutualism, creativity, and coevolution. In regenerative ecologies, the human-nature relationship transcends the binary distinction and it manifests as a single autopoietic system in which the constituent members collaboratively engage in the creation, transformation, and evolution of shared habitats. The paper outlines five pillars, supplemented by guiding questions and two illustrative cases, to aid designers in unlocking, articulating, and critically evaluating the potential of living artefacts for regenerative ecologies.
Journal of Research Directions: Biotechnology Design, 2023. (Accepted)
Jiwei Zhou, Raphael Kim, Zjenja Doubrovski, Joana Martins, Elisa Giaccardi, Elvin Karana
Abstract: Microbes offer designers opportunities to endow artefacts with environmental sensing and adapting abilities, and unique expres- sions. However, microbe-embedded artefacts present a challenge of temporal dissonance, reflected by a “time lag” typically experienced by humans in noticing the gradual and minute shifts in microbial metabolism. This could compromise fluency of interactions and may hinder timely noticing and attending to microbes in living artefacts. In addressing this challenge, we introduce Cyano-chromic Interface, in which photosynthetic activity of cyanobacteria (Syne- chocystis sp. PCC6803) is timely surfaced by an electrochromic (EC) material through its monochromatic display. Grounded through interface performance characterization and design primitives, we developed application concepts through which we instantiate how the interface can be tuned for diverse functional and experiential outcomes in living artefacts. We further discuss the potential of aligning human-microbe temporalities for enriched interactions and reciprocal relationships with microbes, and beyond.
DIS ‘23, July 10–14, 2023, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. ACM. ISBN 978-1-4503-9893-0/23/07. https://doi.org/10.1145/3563657.3596132
Clarice Risseeuw, Jose F. Martinez Castro, Pascal Barla, Elvin Karana
Abstract: Integrating microorganisms into artefacts is a growing area of interest for HCI designers. However, the time, resources, and knowledge required to understand complex microbial behaviour limits designers from creatively exploring temporal expressions in living artefacts, i.e., living aesthetics. Bridging biodesign and computer graphics, we developed FlavoMetrics, an interactive digital tool that supports biodesigners in exploring Flavobacteria’s living aesthetics. This open-source tool enables designers to virtually inoculate bacteria and manipulate stimuli to tune Flavobacteria’s living colour in a digital environment. Six biodesigners evaluated the tool and reflected on its implications for their practices, for example, in (1) understanding spatio-temporal qualities of microorganisms beyond 2D, (2) biodesign education, and (3) the experience prototyping of living artefacts. With FlavoMetrics, we hope to inspire novel HCI tools for accessible and time- and resource-efficient biodesign as well as for better alignment with divergent microbial temporalities in living with living artefacts.
DIS ‘23, July 10–14, 2023, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. ACM. ISBN 978-1-4503-9893-0/23/07. https://doi.org/10.1145/3563657.3596085
Owain Pedgley, Valentina Rognoli, Elvin Karana (Eds.)
Abstract: Materials Experience 2: Expanding Territories of Materials and Design is the follow-up companion to Materials Experience published in 2014. Materials experience as a concept has evolved substantially and is now mobilized to incorporate new ways of thinking and designing. Through all-new peer-reviewed chapters and project write-ups, the book presents critical perspectives on new and emerging relationships between designers, materials, and artifacts. Subtitled Expanding Territories of Materials and Design, the book examines in depth the increased prevalence of material-driven design practices, as well as the changing role of materials themselves, toward active and influential agents within and outside design processes. The book is essential reading for anyone involved in materials and design, containing 11 authoritative chapters and 18 illustrated accounts of contemporary research projects and practices.
Abstract: STILL ALIVE presents the year-long journey of researchers from Material Incubator (Avans University of Applied Sciences, Delft University of Technology, Willem de Kooning Academy), shedding light on the practical and social aspects of designing and living with living artefacts.
Breda, Avans University of Applied Sciences, 2020. Available online.
Laura Clèrries, Valentina Rognoli, Seetal Solanki, Pere Llorach (Eds.)
Abstract: MaDe Book provides a better understanding on how materials design can contribute to attain a more circular economy. It contains a compilation of expert articles and short interviews, a glossary of concepts, original resources, detailed finalists and winners’ projects and the full directory of material designers.
2021. Available online.
Valentina Rognoli, Venere Ferraro (Eds.)
Abstract: This present book covers a series of outstanding reputation researchers’ contributions on the topic of ICS Materials: a new class of emerging materials with properties and qualities concerning interactivity, connectivity and intelligence. In the general framework of ICS Materials’ domain, each chapter deals with a specific aspect following the characteristic perspective of each researcher. As result, methods, tools, guidelines emerged that are relevant and applicable to several contexts such as product, interaction design, materials science and many more.
Franco Angeli, Design International, 2020. Available online.
Valentina Rognoli, Massimo Bianchini, Stefano Maffei, Elvin Karana
Abstract: The democratization of personal fabrication technologies in parallel to the rising desire of individuals for personalizing their products offers great opportunities to experiment with advanced, distributed and shared production processes as well as design new materials. In this article, we introduce the notion of Do-It-Yourself (DIY) Materials, which are created through individual or collective self-production practices, often by techniques and processes of the designer’s own invention. They can be totally new materials, modified, or further developed versions of existing materials. In order to provide an operational vocabulary to discuss DIY materials, we have collected 27 DIY material cases developed in the last five years. We group the collected cases under two main categories: (1) DIY new materials: which focus on creative material ingredients (e.g. a material made of dried, blended waste citrus peel combined with natural binders); and (2) DIY new identities for conventional materials: which focus on new production techniques, giving new expressions to existing materials (i.e. they do not necessarily contain new ingredients, such as 3D printed metal). Grounded on the commonalities of collected cases, we discuss the design opportunities, including new aesthetic impressions offered through DIY material design practices.
Journal Article. Materials & Design, 2015. Available online.
Elvin Karana, Bahar Barati, Valentina Rognoli, Anouk Zeeuw van der Laan
Abstract: Materials research constantly offers novel materials as better alternatives to convention. Functional aptness is taken for granted at the first commercial launch of a new material. Nevertheless, this alone may not be enough for its commercial success and widespread use. The ‘material’ should also elicit meaningful user experiences in and beyond its utilitarian assessment. This requires qualifying the material not only for what it is, but also for what it does, what it expresses to us, what it elicits from us, and what it makes us do. In search of a proper application through such an understanding, material scientists and industries have reached out to designers to guide the development of materials by experiential goals. However, how to design for experiences with and for a material at hand has been poorly addressed to date. In this article, we propose a method, Material Driven Design (MDD), to facilitate designing for material experiences. After explaining the theoretical foundation of the method, an illustrative case is presented—where ‘coffee waste’ is the subject of a design effort to conceive a new product concept. Finally, possible research directions are addressed to bring new insights to the effective application of the MDD method to diverse projects.
Journal Article. International Journal of Design, 2015. Available online.
Elvin Karana, Owain Pedgley, Valentina Rognoli (Eds.)
Abstract: There currently exists an abundance of materials selection advice for designers suited to solving technical product requirements. In contrast, a stark gap can be found in current literature that articulates the very real personal, social, cultural and economic connections between materials and the design of the material world. In Materials Experience: fundamentals of materials and design, thirty-four of the leading academicians and experts, alongside 8 professional designers, have come together for the first time to offer their expertise and insights on a number of topics common to materials and product design. The result is a very readable and varied panorama on the world of materials and product design as it currently stands.
Material Education in Design: From Literature Review to Rethinking. Inproceedings
In: Proceedings of DRS Learn X Design 2019: Insider Knowledge, 2019.52.
Open-ended design. Local re-appropriations through imperfection. Inproceedings
In: Designing sustainability for all - Proceedings of the 3rd LeNS World Distributed Conference, 2019.53.
In: Intelligent Human Systems Integration 2019. IHSI 2019. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, 903, 661-667. , 2019.54.
Re-designing recovered materials. Case Study: Fiberglass in the nautical sector. Inproceedings
In: Designing sustainability for all - Proceedings of the 3rd LeNS World Distributed Conference, 2019.55.
In: Proceedings of DRSXLearn 2019, Fifth International Conference for Design Education Researchers “Insider Knowledge”, 9-12 July 2019, Middle East Technical University, Ankara. 565-577., 2019.56.
Affordances as materials potential: What design can do for materials development Journal Article
In: International Journal of Design, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 105–123, 2019, ISSN: 1991-3761.57.
Alive. Active. Adaptive: Experiential knowledge and emerging materials Journal Article
In: International Journal of Design, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 1–5, 2019, ISSN: 1991-3761.58.
In: Materials & Design, vol. 161, pp. 64–71, 2019, ISSN: 0264-1275.59.
Prototyping materials experience: Towards a shared understanding of underdeveloped smart material composites Journal Article
In: International Journal of Design, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 21–38, 2019, ISSN: 1991-3761.
Educating designers through Materials Club. Inproceedings
In: Proceedings of 4th International Conference on Higher Education Advances (HEAd’18)., 2018.61.
I materiali dopo la modernità: visioni distopiche di futuro come un innesco per nuove esperienze materiche. [Materials after modernity: dystopian glances of the future as an inspiration for new material experiences] Journal Article
In: DIID: DISEGNO INDUSTRIALE INDUSTRIAL DESIGN., 2018.62.
Materia emocional. Los materiales en nuestra relación emocional con los objetos. [Emotional Matter. Materials in our emotional relationship with objects]. Journal Article
In: RCHD: CREACIÓN Y PENSAMIENTO., 2018.63.
In: Proceedings of DRS 2018 – Catalyst of Change. University of Limerick, Ireland, 25-28/05/2018. 1747-1761. , 2018.64.
In: Intelligent Human Systems Integration. IHSI 2018. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, 722, 739-744. Springer. , 2018.65.
Interactive, Connected, Smart materials: ICS materiality. Journal Article
In: Intelligent Human Systems Integration. IHSI 2018. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, 722, 763-769. Springer. , 2018.66.
In: Storni, C.; Leahy, K.; McMahon, M.; Lloyd, P.; Bohemia, E. (Ed.): Proceedings of DRS 2018, pp. 1682–1684, Design Research Society, 2018, ISBN: 978-1-912294-19-0, (DRS 2018 : Design as a catalyst for change ; Conference date: 25-06-2018 Through 28-06-2018).67.
In: Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 186, pp. 570–584, 2018, ISSN: 0959-6526.68.
In: CHI'18 Proceedings of the 2018 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, pp. 1–11, Ässociation for Computing Machinery (ACM)", Ünited States", 2018, (Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository ‘You share, we take care!’ – Taverne project https://www.openaccess.nl/en/you-share-we-take-care Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.; 2018 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, CHI EA 2018, CHI EA'18 ; Conference date: 21-04-2018 Through 26-04-2018).69.
When the Material Grows: A Case Study on Designing (with) Mycelium-based Materials Journal Article
In: International Journal of Design, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 119–136, 2018, ISSN: 1991-3761.
La progettazione dei DIY-Materials come processo d’invenzione. [DIY-Materials design as an invention process] Inproceedings
In: DIID. DISEGNO INDUSTRIALE INDUSTRIAL DESIGN., 2017.71.
In: The Design Journal, 20:sup1, S1167-S1184. , 2017.72.
Material Activism. New hybrid scenarios between design and technology. Journal Article
In: Cuadernos, Universidad de Palermo, vol. 70, pp. 105-115, 2017, ISSN: 1668-0227..73.
Revived Beauty: Research into Aesthetic Appreciation of Materials to Valorise Materials from Waste. Journal Article
In: Sustainability, vol. 9, iss. 4, 2017.74.
DIY-Materials as enabling agents of innovative social practices and future social business. Bachelor Thesis
Tinkering with Mycelium. A case study. Inproceedings
In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Experiential Knowledge and Emerging Materials EKSIG 2017 - “Alive. Active. Adaptive”, Rotterdam, the Netherlands, June 19-20/2017. 66-78., 2017.76.
Materially Yours. Book Chapter
In: Chapman, Jonathan (Ed.): Routledge Handbook of Sustainable Product Design, pp. 206-221, Routledge, 2017.77.
Experience Prototyping’ Smart Material Composites. Inproceedings
In: Alive. Active. Adaptive: Proceedings of International Conference on Experiential Knowledge and Emerging Materials (EKSIG 2017), June 19-20, Delft, the Netherlands, pp. 50-65., 2017.78.
Designing of a semi-transparent Electroluminescent Umbrella. Inproceedings
In: Proceedings of Smart System Integration., 2017.79.
Material Activism. New hybrid scenarios between design and technology. Journal Article
In: Cuadernos, Universidad de Palermo, vol. 70, pp. 105-115, 2017, ISSN: 1668-0227.80.
Growing Materials for Product Design. Inproceedings
In: Alive. Active. Adaptive: Proceedings of International Conference on Experiential Knowledge and Emerging Materials (EKSIG 2017), June 19-20, Delft, the Netherlands, pp. 101-115., 2017.81.
The Plastic Bakery: A case of material driven design. Inproceedings
In: Alive. Active. Adaptive: Proceedings of International Conference on Experiential Knowledge and Emerging Materials (EKSIG 2017), June 19-20, Delft, the Netherlands, pp. 116-128, 2017.82.
Five Kingdoms of DIY Materials for Design. Inproceedings
In: In Alive. Active. Adaptive: Proceedings of International Conference on Experiential Knowledge and Emerging Materials (EKSIG 2017), June 19-20, Delft, the Netherlands, pp. 222-234., 2017.83.
The New Aesthetic of DIY-Materials Journal Article
In: The Design Journal, 20:sup1, S375-S389, 2017.
In: Proceedings of 6th STS Italia Conference - “Sociotechnical Environments”, Trento, 24-26/11/2016., pp. 675-692, 2016.85.
Perception of Naturalness in Textiles. Journal Article
In: The Journal of Materials and Design, 90: 1192–1199. , 2016.86.
Politics of Impermanence: Traces of Use as a Design Strategy for Technologies. Workshop
Workshop: Things Fall Apart; Unpacking the Temporalities of Impermanence for HCI. NordiCHI’16: 11th Nordic Conference on Human-Computer Interaction. October 24, 2016, Gothenburg, Sweden. ACM, 2016, 2016.87.
In: Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Design & Emotion - “Celebration & Contemplation”, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, September 27-30. , pp. 239-255. , 2016.88.
The material experiences as DIY-Materials: self production of wool filled starch based composite (NeWool). Inproceedings
In: Making Futures Journal Vol IV, Plymouth College of Art. , 2016, ISSN: 2042-1664 .89.
The emotional value of Do-it-yourself materials. Inproceedings
In: Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Design & Emotion - “Celebration & Contemplation”, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, September 27-30., pp. pp- 633-641., 2016.90.
Functional Demonstrators to Support Understanding of Smart Materials. Inproceedings
In: Proceedings of the TEI'16: Tenth International Conference on Tangible, Embedded, and Embodied Interaction (pp. 386-391). ACM., 2016.91.
In: NordiCHI '16, October 23 – 27, Gothenburg, Sweden. ACM, 2016., 2016.92.
Superfici imperfette [Imperfect surfaces] Journal Article
In: MD Journal, 1(1), 78-91. , 2016.93.
The Tuning Of Materials: A Designer’s Journey. Inproceedings
In: Proceedings of the ACM Conference on Designing Interactive Systems (DIS), Pages 619-631, Brisbane, Australia. (Best Paper Award), 2016.94.
Emerging Material Experiences. Journal Article
In: The Journal of Materials and Design, 90: 1248–1250. , 2016.
“Worker, build your own machinery!” A workshop to practice the Technological Disobedience. Inproceedings
In: Product Lifetimes And The Environment, 2015.96.
Retail lighting and textiles: Designing a lighting probe set. Journal Article
In: Lighting Research and Technology, 1-22., 2015.97.
Material driven design (MDD): A method to design for material experiences. Journal Article
In: International journal of design, 19 (2) 2015., 2015.98.
DIY Materials. Journal Article
In: The Journal of Materials and Design, 86: 692-702. (S), 2015.99.
Understanding and Designing with (and for) Material Traces. Journal Article
In: Journal of Studies in Material Thinking. Volume 13, Paper 3. (S), 2015.100.
Materials Experience as a Foundation for Materials and Design Education. Journal Article
In: International Journal of Technology and Design Education., 2015.
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