Elvin Karana, Holly McQuillan, Valentina Rognoli, Elisa Giaccardi
Abstract: Introduced in 2020, the concept of living artefacts encompasses biodesign outcomes that uphold the livingness of organisms such as fungi, algae, bacteria, and plants, to enable the emergence of novel functions, interactions and expressions within everyday life. This paper situates living artefacts at the confluence of the sustainability discourse and more-thanhuman ontologies, illuminating the unprecedented opportunities that living artefacts present for regenerative ecologies. These ecologies are characterized by a fundamental inclination toward mutualism, creativity, and coevolution. In regenerative ecologies, the human-nature relationship transcends the binary distinction and it manifests as a single autopoietic system in which the constituent members collaboratively engage in the creation, transformation, and evolution of shared habitats. The paper outlines five pillars, supplemented by guiding questions and two illustrative cases, to aid designers in unlocking, articulating, and critically evaluating the potential of living artefacts for regenerative ecologies.
Journal of Research Directions: Biotechnology Design, 2023. (Accepted)
Jiwei Zhou, Raphael Kim, Zjenja Doubrovski, Joana Martins, Elisa Giaccardi, Elvin Karana
Abstract: Microbes offer designers opportunities to endow artefacts with environmental sensing and adapting abilities, and unique expres- sions. However, microbe-embedded artefacts present a challenge of temporal dissonance, reflected by a “time lag” typically experienced by humans in noticing the gradual and minute shifts in microbial metabolism. This could compromise fluency of interactions and may hinder timely noticing and attending to microbes in living artefacts. In addressing this challenge, we introduce Cyano-chromic Interface, in which photosynthetic activity of cyanobacteria (Syne- chocystis sp. PCC6803) is timely surfaced by an electrochromic (EC) material through its monochromatic display. Grounded through interface performance characterization and design primitives, we developed application concepts through which we instantiate how the interface can be tuned for diverse functional and experiential outcomes in living artefacts. We further discuss the potential of aligning human-microbe temporalities for enriched interactions and reciprocal relationships with microbes, and beyond.
DIS ‘23, July 10–14, 2023, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. ACM. ISBN 978-1-4503-9893-0/23/07. https://doi.org/10.1145/3563657.3596132
Clarice Risseeuw, Jose F. Martinez Castro, Pascal Barla, Elvin Karana
Abstract: Integrating microorganisms into artefacts is a growing area of interest for HCI designers. However, the time, resources, and knowledge required to understand complex microbial behaviour limits designers from creatively exploring temporal expressions in living artefacts, i.e., living aesthetics. Bridging biodesign and computer graphics, we developed FlavoMetrics, an interactive digital tool that supports biodesigners in exploring Flavobacteria’s living aesthetics. This open-source tool enables designers to virtually inoculate bacteria and manipulate stimuli to tune Flavobacteria’s living colour in a digital environment. Six biodesigners evaluated the tool and reflected on its implications for their practices, for example, in (1) understanding spatio-temporal qualities of microorganisms beyond 2D, (2) biodesign education, and (3) the experience prototyping of living artefacts. With FlavoMetrics, we hope to inspire novel HCI tools for accessible and time- and resource-efficient biodesign as well as for better alignment with divergent microbial temporalities in living with living artefacts.
DIS ‘23, July 10–14, 2023, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. ACM. ISBN 978-1-4503-9893-0/23/07. https://doi.org/10.1145/3563657.3596085
Owain Pedgley, Valentina Rognoli, Elvin Karana (Eds.)
Abstract: Materials Experience 2: Expanding Territories of Materials and Design is the follow-up companion to Materials Experience published in 2014. Materials experience as a concept has evolved substantially and is now mobilized to incorporate new ways of thinking and designing. Through all-new peer-reviewed chapters and project write-ups, the book presents critical perspectives on new and emerging relationships between designers, materials, and artifacts. Subtitled Expanding Territories of Materials and Design, the book examines in depth the increased prevalence of material-driven design practices, as well as the changing role of materials themselves, toward active and influential agents within and outside design processes. The book is essential reading for anyone involved in materials and design, containing 11 authoritative chapters and 18 illustrated accounts of contemporary research projects and practices.
Abstract: STILL ALIVE presents the year-long journey of researchers from Material Incubator (Avans University of Applied Sciences, Delft University of Technology, Willem de Kooning Academy), shedding light on the practical and social aspects of designing and living with living artefacts.
Breda, Avans University of Applied Sciences, 2020. Available online.
Laura Clèrries, Valentina Rognoli, Seetal Solanki, Pere Llorach (Eds.)
Abstract: MaDe Book provides a better understanding on how materials design can contribute to attain a more circular economy. It contains a compilation of expert articles and short interviews, a glossary of concepts, original resources, detailed finalists and winners’ projects and the full directory of material designers.
2021. Available online.
Valentina Rognoli, Venere Ferraro (Eds.)
Abstract: This present book covers a series of outstanding reputation researchers’ contributions on the topic of ICS Materials: a new class of emerging materials with properties and qualities concerning interactivity, connectivity and intelligence. In the general framework of ICS Materials’ domain, each chapter deals with a specific aspect following the characteristic perspective of each researcher. As result, methods, tools, guidelines emerged that are relevant and applicable to several contexts such as product, interaction design, materials science and many more.
Franco Angeli, Design International, 2020. Available online.
Valentina Rognoli, Massimo Bianchini, Stefano Maffei, Elvin Karana
Abstract: The democratization of personal fabrication technologies in parallel to the rising desire of individuals for personalizing their products offers great opportunities to experiment with advanced, distributed and shared production processes as well as design new materials. In this article, we introduce the notion of Do-It-Yourself (DIY) Materials, which are created through individual or collective self-production practices, often by techniques and processes of the designer’s own invention. They can be totally new materials, modified, or further developed versions of existing materials. In order to provide an operational vocabulary to discuss DIY materials, we have collected 27 DIY material cases developed in the last five years. We group the collected cases under two main categories: (1) DIY new materials: which focus on creative material ingredients (e.g. a material made of dried, blended waste citrus peel combined with natural binders); and (2) DIY new identities for conventional materials: which focus on new production techniques, giving new expressions to existing materials (i.e. they do not necessarily contain new ingredients, such as 3D printed metal). Grounded on the commonalities of collected cases, we discuss the design opportunities, including new aesthetic impressions offered through DIY material design practices.
Journal Article. Materials & Design, 2015. Available online.
Elvin Karana, Bahar Barati, Valentina Rognoli, Anouk Zeeuw van der Laan
Abstract: Materials research constantly offers novel materials as better alternatives to convention. Functional aptness is taken for granted at the first commercial launch of a new material. Nevertheless, this alone may not be enough for its commercial success and widespread use. The ‘material’ should also elicit meaningful user experiences in and beyond its utilitarian assessment. This requires qualifying the material not only for what it is, but also for what it does, what it expresses to us, what it elicits from us, and what it makes us do. In search of a proper application through such an understanding, material scientists and industries have reached out to designers to guide the development of materials by experiential goals. However, how to design for experiences with and for a material at hand has been poorly addressed to date. In this article, we propose a method, Material Driven Design (MDD), to facilitate designing for material experiences. After explaining the theoretical foundation of the method, an illustrative case is presented—where ‘coffee waste’ is the subject of a design effort to conceive a new product concept. Finally, possible research directions are addressed to bring new insights to the effective application of the MDD method to diverse projects.
Journal Article. International Journal of Design, 2015. Available online.
Elvin Karana, Owain Pedgley, Valentina Rognoli (Eds.)
Abstract: There currently exists an abundance of materials selection advice for designers suited to solving technical product requirements. In contrast, a stark gap can be found in current literature that articulates the very real personal, social, cultural and economic connections between materials and the design of the material world. In Materials Experience: fundamentals of materials and design, thirty-four of the leading academicians and experts, alongside 8 professional designers, have come together for the first time to offer their expertise and insights on a number of topics common to materials and product design. The result is a very readable and varied panorama on the world of materials and product design as it currently stands.
De-Commodifying the Device: A Materialist Design Approach for Communication With and Through Connected Objects Workshop
Workshop: The Future of Making: Where Industrial and Personal Fabrication Meet. Critical Alternatives 2015. Aarhus, Denmark. August 2015. , 2015.102.
On Materials Experience. Journal Article
In: Design Issues. Volume 31, Number 3, Summer 2015. (S), 2015.103.
+TUO project: Low cost 3D printers as helpful tool for small communities with rheumatic diseases. Journal Article
In: RAPID PROTOTYPING JOURNAL, 2015.104.
Materials, Time and Emotion: how materials change in time? Inproceedings
In: EKSIG 2015. Tangible Means: experiential knowledge through materials., 2015.105.
Dynamism and imperfection as emerging materials experiences. A case study. Inproceedings
In: Proceedings of DesForm 2015 - Aesthetics of Interaction: Dynamic, Multisensory, Wise. 9th International Conference on Design and Semantics of Form and Movement, Politecnico di Milano, IT; 10/2015, 2015.106.
Designing with an Underdeveloped Computational Composite for Materials Experience. Inproceedings
In: Proceedings of EKSIG 2015: Experiential Knowledge Special Interest Group., 2015.107.
From Way Finding in the Dark to Interactive CPR Trainer: Designing with Computational Composites. Inproceedings
In: Proceedings of DesForm 2015., 2015.108.
Foundations of Materials Experience: An Approach for HCI. Inproceedings
In: Proceedings of CHI 2015. Seoul, South Korea. ACM Press: 2447-2456. (S), 2015.
Comparing Biomimicry and Cradle to Cradle with Ecodesign: a Case Study of Student Design Projects. Journal Article
In: The Journal of Cleaner Production, 78: 174–183., 2014.110.
Introduction to Materials ExperienceIntroduction to Materials Experience. Book Chapter
In: Karana, Elvin; Pedgley, Owain; Rognoli, Valentina (Ed.): Materials Experience: Fundamentals of Materials and Design, 1st Ed., pp. xxv-xxxiii., Butterworth-Heinemann: Elsevier, UK., 2014.111.
Fiberness, reflectiveness and roughness in the characterization of natural and high quality materials. Journal Article
In: The Journal of Cleaner Production, 68: 252–260., 2014.112.
Designing Material Experience. Book Chapter
In: O. Pedgley E. Karana, V. Rognoli (Ed.): Materials Experience: Fundamentals of Materials and Design., Butterworth-Heinemann: Elsevier, UK., 2014.113.
Growing Traces on Objects of Daily Use: A Product Design Perspective for HCI. Inproceedings
In: The ACM Conference on Designing Interactive Systems (DIS): 473-482. (S) (Honorable Mention), 2014.114.
Assessing Sustainability in Nature-Inspired Design. Journal Article
In: Journal of Sustainable Engineering, 8: 5-13., 2014.115.
Designing with 3D Printed Textiles: A case study of Material Driven Design. Inproceedings
In: Proceedings of 4th International Conference on Additive Technologies, Vienna. , 2014.116.
Materials Experience: Fundamentals of Materials and Design. Book
1st Ed., Butterworth-Heinemann: Elsevier, UK., 2014.117.
Towards a New Materials Aesthetic Based on Imperfection and Graceful Ageing. Book Chapter
In: O. Pedgley Karana E., V. Rognoli (Ed.): Materials Experience: Fundamentals of Materials and Design, 1st Ed., pp. 145-153., Butterworth-Heinemann: Elsevier, UK., 2014.
(Un)Conventional engineering tests to predict fabrics sensorial properties. Journal Article
In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COMPUTER AIDED ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY, 2013.119.
Cradle to Cradle in Product Development: A Case Study of Closed-Loop Design. Inproceedings
In: In the Proceedings of the 20th CIRP International Conference on Life Cycle Engineering; pg. 37-52., 2013.120.
Materials and emotions, a study on the relations between materials and emotions in industrial products. Inproceedings
In: Proceedings of 8th International Design and Emotion Conference, Design and Emotion Society., 2013.
Ape & Banana: A new user experience for collecting bio-based disposables at festivals. Inproceedings
In: In the Proceedings of 8th International Conference on Design & Emotion, London, UK, 2012.122.
Characterization of ‘natural’ and ‘high-quality’ materials to improve perception of bio-plastics. Journal Article
In: The Journal of Cleaner Production, 37: 316-325. (S), 2012.123.
Nature-inspired design strategies in sustainable product development: a case-study of student projects. Inproceedings
In: Proceedings of Design 2012, International Conference, Cavtat, Croatia., 2012.124.
The value of imperfection in industrial product. Inproceedings
In: Proceedings of DPPI11, 2012.125.
Creating a research environment for the evaluation of design education in embodiment design. Inproceedings
In: Proceedings of Design 2012, International Conference, Cavtat, Croatia., 2012.126.
Creating awareness on natural fibre composites in design. Inproceedings
In: In the Proceedings of Design 2012, International Conference, Cavtat, Croatia. , 2012.127.
The role of "connections" for sustainable longer-lasting artifacts and relationship with users. Inproceedings
In: Sustainable Innovation 2012. Towards Sustainable Product Design: 17th International Conference., 2012.
Natural fibre composites in product design: an investigation into material perception and acceptance. Inproceedings
In: Proceedings of International Conference on Designing Pleasurable Products and Interfaces (DPPI), 22-25 June, Milan., 2011.129.
Il senso dei materiali per il design. [The sense of materials for design] Book
Franco Angeli, 2011.130.
Materials Selection in Design: From Research to Education. Inproceedings
In: The 1st International Symposium of CUMULUS Association and DRS for Design Education Researchers, Paris, France., 2011.131.
Correlation between intrinsic characteristics of industrial products and user's perception. Inproceedings
In: ICORD 11: Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Research into Design Engineering, 2011.132.
The aesthetic of interaction with materials for design: the bioplasticsʼ identity. Inproceedings
In: Proceedings of DPPI11, 2011.133.
Il valore dell'imperfezione.L'approccio wabi sabi al design. [The value of imperfection. The wabi sabi approach to design] Book
Franco Angeli, 2011.
The Objectivity of Users’ Emotional Experience with Textiles. Biological and Mechanical Tests for the Prediction of the Sensorial Profile of Fabrics. Inproceedings
In: Proceedings of the 7th Design and Emotion Conference 2010., 2010.
A broad survey on expressive-sensorial characterization of materials for design education. Journal Article
In: METU JOURNAL OF THE FACULTY OF ARCHITECTURE, 2009.136.
Sensorial profile anticipation by engineering objective methods for competitiveness in textile field. Bachelor Thesis
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